Shiv

July 22 2000

 
 

Diagnosed on October 4th 2005
"Variant Late Infantile
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis"
This is considered part of the Batten Disease Family.
http://www.bdsra.org/

Medical Story

BIRTH:

  • Normal unrelated parents of Indian descent & normal sibling sister, age 9. Pregnancy/delivery normal/vaginal (4 hour labor, mother age 34). He was fine at birth but was a bit gurgly when he breathed. Also had severe reflex & slept for long periods of time.

 5 MONTHS:

  • Admitted to INOVA Fairfax Hospital for respiratory distress associated w/ RSV. Was intubated w/ O2 at max setting, was given 3 heart medications & other meds via central line-IV (dopamine, epinephrine, norephrine). Initially they had to give him his IV through his bone, because they couldn’t find a vein. His heart slowed down to the point where he required chest compressions. This happened twice in a 1 hour period. He was given a 30% chance of survival by the PICU. He was then flown to Children’s National Medical Center for possible Extra-Corporal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO), but when he reached there, they took new x-rays & compared them w/ the ones from before his 20 minute helicopter journey & there was less white-out in the lungs, so they held off. He never had to have this procedure, but remained intubated for approximately 3 days. He developed hypertension due to micro-embolization of the renal arteries. His brain CT scan was unremarkable & after a total of 3 weeks, he was released from the hospital on GI meds (Zantac, Reglan) & High Blood Pressure meds (Captopril, Clonidine).

 

  • He continued breast feeding & later started eating solids. He was also started on weekly Physical Therapy due to his hospitalization & was slightly delayed on his milestones, but his sister was also slightly delayed w/ her milestones as a baby & it didn’t seem to be a problem.

 7 MONTHS:

  • He was again hospitalized at Fairfax for retching & refluxing a small amount of coffee ground emesis. It was determined during this 5 day stay via endoscopy that he had a duodenal ulcer & esophigitus & was treated w/ Carafate. He was also weaned off of his Clonidine. A brain MRI was also done at this time, due to delayed milestones & hypotonia, & it was fine.

 8 MONTHS:

  • He was diagnosed w/ Asthma.

 11 MONTHS:

  • He was hospitalized at Fairfax for 3 weeks w/ double pneumonia. After being given a PH probe test, it was determined that he was silently refluxing (no longer visible) 157 times per day. He was also given a swallow study & it was determined that he had delayed swallowing & tended to pool. He also had developed slight ptosis, so was given a Tinsilon test for Myasthenia Gravis but tested negative. He was then operated on & given Nissen Fundoplication surgery, as well as a Gastrostomy tube (G-tube) & NPO from this point. At this time, a rectus abdominus muscle was removed & sent to CNMC & Buffalo, NY to be tested for mitochondrial disorder, but came back negative. Another brain MRI was done, as well as an EEG which were unremarkable.

 15 MONTHS:

  • He learned to get into a sitting position from a lying position on his own. One day, we found him in bed grey & unresponsive w/ mucous on his face. We suctioned out the mucous w/ a bulb syringe & administered CPR. Although he was still unconscious, he started slight breathing again. The paramedics took him to Fairfax hospital & he had pulmonary edema & was intubated. He was flown to Johns Hopkins Hospital & after a sleep study & bronchoscopy, it was determined that he had tracheo/laryngo malacia & obstructive sleep apnea. He was extubated after a few days but remained there for 3 weeks. He was sent home w/ a Bi-PAP machine w/ mask. During this hospitalization he was weaned off of his Captopril & no longer had hypertension. He was also given an EMG test that was also negative. He was mistakenly administered a dose of Respiridol instead of Robinol & was unresponsive for 48 hours. An EEG was given & it was normal.

 17 MONTHS:

  • I walked away from him for a few minutes & when I came back I found him unconscious. I performed CPR on him & although he was still unconscious he started breathing again. The paramedics took him to the hospital it was determined that he needed a tracheostomy. The surgery was performed & he was sent home after 3 weeks.

 18 MONTHS:

  • He started pulling to stand & saying some words. He again went into a quick respiratory arrest & was resuscitated at home. This time when the paramedics took him to the hospital, a bronchoscopy was done which revealed bronchmalacia as well, therefore it was determined that he should be put on CPAP w/ Oxygen 24 hours a day. A Holter monitor was also done & was fine (an EKG was done previously which was also fine).

 28 MONTHS:

  • He passed a swallow study, which he had every 6 months until he was 3 & he was Okayed to have 1 Tablespoon of thickened purees while on CPAP. Later, he was allowed to use a Passey Muir Speaking Valve several times a day & weaned off of oxygen after several months. He was on CPAP, pressure 7 (down from 10) when asleep w/ no O2, unless sick. He was evaluated by NIH & they could not find anything. He has had an MR Spectroscopy, CSF spinal tap, bone age, & many DNA (mitochondrial, Rhett’s, Angelman's), metabolic, & genetic blood (Ataxia Telangtasia, Acanthocytosis) & urine tests which were negative. Dr. Kelley at Kennedy Krieger found him to have Neutropenia, based on his lab reports.

3 YEARS:

  • His EEG showed brainwaves consistent w/ that of a 12 to 14 month old, but they were trying to organize. No seizures were detected. Also, his TIBC & UIBC were elevated. A sleep study was done for Periodic Limb Myoclonus of Sleep, which was negative. Around this age, he went to the ER for pneumonia.

 3 � YEARS:

  • He started having apneic incidents. After ambu-bagging him, he regains consciousness & has seizures in which his whole body shakes for about a minute. Sometimes, he has large stools during these episodes. The Neurologist isn’t concerned about the seizures, as his previous EEGs were negative, the first seizure was before he started Sinemet (for dystonia), & they are always related to hypoxia.

 4 YEARS:

  • He suddenly stopped breathing when he was awake. He did not become conscious immediately after ambu-bagging as usual, but he did start breathing after 1 hour. EMS/ER was not able to get him to take his own breaths though he regained consciousness, he didn’t take his own breaths until 2 hours later, so he was put on a respirator. They concluded it was brain-related. He is now mostly on a ventilator w/ 1-2 liters of O2. He does get off of it & stays on 2-3 liters of O2 for up to 3 hour periods. Since then, he has continued to have apneas, sometimes while on the vent – but these days he comes back after ambu-bagging. He sometimes has a seizure afterwards. He has turned both grey & blue.

 

  • He started retching. He had a swallow study, upper-GI, & PH-probe test. He aspirated on the swallow study & therefore is NPO & the upper-GI & PH probe were negative. The doctors are assuming his Nissen surgery is loose, but not loose enough to warrant surgery again. Meanwhile, he is on Prevacid.

 5 YEARS/CURRENT:

  • He is severely globally developmentally delayed (more like a 6 month old). He started posturing 2 years ago & can no longer get into a sitting position on his own nor pull to standing. He also used to point to my face parts when I asked him, but no longer does this. He no longer picks up toys nor holds toys on his own. He is average in height & weight but 5th percentile on head size (which has dropped). He also has Broncheictisis. His developmental/neurological health seemed to have started regressing gradually at age 2, but his physical health & immunity improved at this time. His hearing & eyesight had been evaluated & were normal, except for intermittent exophoria in the right eye.

 

  • In March of 2005, we took him to Florida, courtesy of Make-a-Wish Foundation, where he must have gotten a mucous plug & went apneaic. He was hospitalized at Arnold Palmer Children’s & then got tracheitus & pneumonia w/ fever. He was transferred to INOVA Fairfax Hospital PICU (his regular hospital) via air-ambulance & discharged after a total of 10 days (both hospitals). At this time, he was seen at Fairfax by Dr. Virginia Elgin’s (his Neurologist) new partner, Dr. William Young for the first time. He asked me if he had ever had a skin biopsy for Batten Disease. I said no. Dr. Elgin & Dr. Amy Lewanda (his Geneticist) found out that there was a new blood test to test for this at Massachusetts General Hospital. In July we sent his sample there & in October we were told he was positive for CLN6 mutation (Variant Late Infantile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis).

 

  • In April 2005, he was taken to the ER for stomach distension & fever that wouldn’t go down. He was discharged after 3 days w/ a diagnosis of pneumonia & perhaps some stomach or respiratory virus associated w/ diarrhea.

 Written by Suneeta Rana, mother (updated 10/20/05)

Contact: Suneeta mom to Shiv at suneeta@long&foster.com

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